The Wars of the Roses spanned
the years 1455 – 1487 as the rival houses of Lancaster and York fought to hold
the crown of England. In 1485, the Lancastrian heir, Henry Tudor won a
convincing victory at the Battle of Bosworth, over the Yorkist Richard III.
Henry married Elizabeth of York to unite the two families, and the dynasty that
Henry and Elizabeth established ruled until 1603, followed by the descendants
of their daughter, Margaret married to James IV of Scotland, who reign in the United Kingdom today.